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Mental Health

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Diet and Psychosis: A Scoping Review

Introduction

Schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) represent a cluster of severe mental illnesses. Diet has been identified as a modifiable risk factor and opportunity for intervention in many physical illnesses and more recently in mental illnesses such as unipolar depression; however, no dietary guidelines exist for patients with SSD.

Vitamin B12, Vitamin B6, Folic Acid and Psychosis: A Review

Schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) represent a cluster of severe mental illnesses. Vitamins are known to play a role in various aspects of health and disease; however, the exact role of vitamins B12, B6 and folic acid in the development and progression of SSD are not clear. These vitamins play a role in the one-carbon metabolism cycle which is hypothesized to be involved in schizophrenia pathogenesis.

Randomized controlled trials in long-term care residents with dementia: a systematic review.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of reporting of randomized controlled trials for pharmacologic interventions in long-term care residents with dementia. DATA SOURCES: We performed electronic searches of AMED, CINAHL, E-PSYCHE, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, and MEDLINE. We also searched the reference lists of included studies and bibliographies of relevant review articles. STUDY SELECTION: All randomized controlled trials for pharmacologic interventions in patients with dementia residing in long-term care facilities.

Pellagra may be a rare secondary complication of anorexia nervosa: a systematic review of the literature.

Pellagra is a nutritional wasting disease attributable to a combined deficiency of tryptophan and niacin (nicotinic acid). It is characterized clinically by four classic symptoms often referred to as the four Ds: diarrhea, dermatitis, dementia, and death. Prior to the development of these symptoms, other nonspecific symptoms insidiously manifest and mostly affect the dermatological, neuropsychiatric, and gastrointestinal systems. A review of the literature reveals several case reports describing pellagra in patients with anorexia nervosa.

Supplemental niacinamide mitigates anxiety symptoms: three case reports.

The purpose of this report is to highlight the potential of niacinamide for the treatment of anxiety disorders. Three patients were prescribed large pharmacological doses of niacinamide (2,000-2,500 mg per day). Each of the patients had considerable relief from their anxiety when regularly using niacinamide.

Orthomolecular Treatment of Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders are life altering psychiatric conditions that severely impair the quality of life of those suffering from them. They are the most common psychiatric disorders in the United States, and are characterized by numerous somatic symptoms, such as facial flushing, hyperhydrosis (excessive sweating), muscle tension,  paresthesias (numbness and tingling), shallow breathing, syncope (fainting), and tachycardia (rapid heart rate).

Orthomolecular and Botanical Treatments to Help Alleviate the Side Effects of Atypical Antipsychotic Drugs.

The current standard of care for schizophrenic patients, such as continual medication with atypical antipsychotic drugs, does more harm than good. A review of the literature revealed that in addition to causing the well known side effects of extrapyramidal symptoms and tardive dyskinesia, side effects such as hyperprolactinemia, sexual dysfunction, weight gain, diabetes, cardiac arrhythmias, and even a worsening of psychosis (when used long-term) are common occurrences. Specific orthomolecular and botanical treatments might help prevent and/or reduce some of these negative side effects.

The Orthomolecular Treatment of Schizophrenia: A Primer for Clinicians.

The article reports on the problems with the standardmedical treatment of schizophrenia by Dr. Jonathan E. Prousky in Canada. Standard treatments use powerful atypical antipsychotic drugs (APDs) such as clozapine, and risperidone, to act on dopamine receptors within the central nervous system, and reduce symptoms of the disease for about 15-20%. However, schizophrenia patients who take the atypical APDs are at high rish for brain damage, cardiac arrhythmias, and sexual dysfunction.

Naturopathic Care for Anxiety: A Randomized Controlled Trial

BACKGROUND: Anxiety is a serious personal health condition and represents a substantial burden to overall quality of life. Additionally, anxiety disorders represent a significant cost to the health care system as well as employers through benefits, coverage and days missed due to incapacity. This study sought to explore the effectiveness of naturopathic care on anxiety symptoms using a randomized trial.

Links between ADHD and Environmental Pollutants: Implications for Preventative Naturopathic Clinical Practice

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic neurobehavioural disorder with a complex etiology thought to involve genetic expression, learning and childhood development, diet, neurotransmitters, and neurotoxic exposure to pollutants. Treatment generally involves a multi-factorial approach that addresses any number of these factors with pharmacological or behavioural-based interventions.  Addressing the known impacts of neurotoxic pollutants, which are summarized in this paper, may enhance successful treatment or prevention of ADHD.

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